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Citing Your Sources - APA Style

General Format & Notes

Entire Book

Print

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Online

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of work. doi:xx.xxxx/xxxxxxxx or https://doi.org/xx.xxxx/xxxxxxxx or Retrieved from https://www.xxxxxxxx


Chapter in a Book or Entry in a Reference Book

Print

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. A. Editor, & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.

Online

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. A. Editor, & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). doi:xx.xxxx/xxxxxxxx or https://doi.org/xx.xxxx/xxxxxxxx or Retrieved from https://www.xxxxxxxx


Notes
  • Include the DOI if one as been assigned to the book, chapter, or reference book entry.
  • For books or chapters available only online, the DOI or retrieval URL takes the place of the publisher information.
  • If there is no author or editor, then begin reference with the title followed by the date.
  • Place information about editions, volume numbers, and chapter page range in parentheses following the title of the book.
  • Page numbers for the chapter or entry should be included when available. If there are are no page numbers, the title alone is sufficient.

Entire Books

Print Book

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Electronic Book (no DOI)

De Huff, E. W. (n.d.). Taytay’s tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. Retrieved from https://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/dehuff/taytay/taytay.html


Edited Book, No Author

Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.


Edited Book, with Author

Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.

Book Chapter, Article, or Entry

When you list the pages of the book section, p. or pp. precedes page numbers. Single pages take p. (e.g., p. 340), while multiple pages take pp. (e.g., pp. 56-84).


Chapter or Article in an Edited Print Book

O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.


Electronic Version of Chapter, Article, or Entry in an Edited Book (with DOI)

Knapp, V. M., & McAdam, D. (2017). Omission training. In F. Volkmar (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_1304-3


Article or Entry in an Online Reference Work, No Author or Editor

Heuristic. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster's online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/heuristic