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Citing Your Sources - APA Style

General Format & Notes

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of web document/post [Format description]. Retrieved from https://xxxxxxxxx

Notes

  • While the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.) doesn't explicitly provide a reference example for a website, the apastyle.org website suggests following the reference format above.
  • For blog and video blog posts, the author is the person who made the post. If author's name isn't available, then use the author's screen name or handle in the author field. The screen name should be spelled and capitalized exactly as it appears, even if it does not observe standard spelling and capitalization rules.

Websites

When making a passing reference to an entire website, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in just the text of the paper.
Example: Kidspsych is a wonderful interactive website for children (http://www.kidspsych.org).


General Website Article/Document with an Author

Simmons, B. (2015, January 9). The tale of two Flaccos. Retrieved from http://grantland.com/the-triangle/the-tale-of-two-flaccos/


General Website Article/Document without an Author

Teen posed as doctor at West Palm Beach hospital: Police. (2015, January 16). Retrieved from http://www.nbcmiami.com/news/local/Teen-Posed-as-Doctor-at-West-Palm-Beach-Hospital-Police-288810831.html

Blogs, Forums, & Message Boards

Blog Post

PZ Myers. (2007, January 22). The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequisites.php


Blog Comment

MiddleKid. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequisites.php


Message Posted to an Online Forum or Discussion Board

Rampersad, T. (2005, June 8). Re: Traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://www.wipo.int/roller/comments/ipisforum/Weblog/theme_eight_how_can_cultural#comments

Video Blogs & YouTube Videos

Online videos can be either video blog posts or standalone videos, both of which require slightly different reference formats. If the video is a standalone video posted to YouTube or a similar video sharing service, then put the title of the video in italics. If the video is an entry in a larger video blog, then do not italicize the title. See examples below.

The apastyle.org website recommends that the screen name (username) of the person who posted the video be included in brackets after the author section. If only the screen name of the person who posted the video is known, then make that the author field (without brackets).

Video Part of Larger Video Blog

PBSoffbook. (2013, October 3). How to be creative [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=weIQIthC3Ks


Standalone Video Posted to YouTube

Apsolon, M. [markapsolon]. (2011, September 9). Real ghost girl caught on Video Tape 14 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nyGCbxD848