This page provides quick reference examples for AMA citations. If your source is not listed here, please consult Section 3.11 of the AMA Manual of Style (11th Ed.) or the Purdue OWL AMA guide.
AMA style citations require in-text citations and a reference list at the end of your paper. The reference list is the only place full citations are needed; no footnotes are necessary for AMA style.
Author(s). Title of article. Name of Journal [using NLM abbreviation]. Year;volume(issue):page range. doi:xx.xxxx OR Accessed [Date]. URL
- Names of journals use the abbreviated titles as cited in the NLM Catalog. Search the NLM Catalog.
- If an online article has DOI, use that rather than the URL.
- If an articles doesn't have a DOI, use a URL along with an accessed date.
- For online-only journal articles without page numbers, use other identifiers, such as e-page numbers or article numbers, if available.
Kitajima TS, Kawashima SA, Watanabe Y. The conserved kinetochore protein shugoshin protects centrometric cohesion during meiosis. Nature. 2004;427(6974):510-517. doi:10.1038/nature02312
Author(s). Title of Book. [Edition number, if not 1st] ed. Publisher; Year. doi:xx.xxxx OR Accessed [date]. URL
- Include the DOI if one as been assigned to the book.
- For eBooks without a DOI, use a URL along with an accessed date.
Etzel RA, Balk SJ, eds. Pediatric Environmental Health. American Academy of Pediatrics; 2011.
Author(s). Title of chapter. In: Editor(s), ed(s). Title of Book. [Edition number, if not 1st] ed. Publisher; Year. doi:xx.xxxx OR Accessed [date]. URL
- Include the DOI if one as been assigned to the book chapter or reference book entry.
- Page numbers for books chapters should be included when available.
Folberg R. The eye. In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Fausto N, Aster JC, Perkins, JA, eds. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease. 8th ed. Saunders Elsevier; 2010:1345-1368.
Author(s). Title of article. Name of Newspaper. Date:Section (if available). Accessed [date]. URL
- If the city name is not part of the newspaper name, it may be added for clarity. (e.g. Star Tribune --> Minneapolis Star Tribune)
Narula SK. WHO has only declared three public health emergencies in its history—Zika virus just became the fourth. Quartz blog. February 1, 2016. Accessed August 16, 2016. http://qz.com/607331
Author(s) (if given). Title of specific item cited (if none is given, use the name of the organization responsible for the site). Name of the website. [date published]. Updated [date]. Accessed [date]. URL
- Information on websites may be hard to find. Provide as much of the above information as possible.
Carlson SJ. Step up your activity to help lower risk of diabetes. Mayo Clinic. June 4, 2015. Accessed August 20, 2017. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/expert-blog/lower-diabetes-risk-withactivity/bgp-20142203